Integrated Visitor Management System with Smart Hand Sanitizer based on IoT Approach

  • Adli Al Hafidz Telecommunication Engineering Study Program, Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Herryawan Pujiharsono Electrical Engineering Study Program, Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Kadarisman Kadarisman Laboratorium Physics and Instrumentation, Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Yusro Biomedical Engineering Study Program, Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
Keywords: Hand sanitizer, Visitor Management, IoT


Establishing visitor management system is necessary to manage the total number of visitors especially in pandemic when the protocol of social distancing is applied. The purpose of this research is to design a visitor management system integrated with an automatic Internet of Things (IoT)-based hand sanitizer using Arduino. This research contributes to answering the two challenges which are managing the total number of visitors and providing protection against bacteria or viruses.  The improvement of this system compared to the existing similar approach is the automatic hand sanitizers could be installed at two entrances and exits which can simultaneously limit the number of visitors who will be monitored through the IoT platform. This system is designed with Arduino Uno R3 components as a microcontroller, ultrasonic sensors which will be installed at two entrances and exits, and automatic hand sanitizer using a water pump. For remote monitoring use the IoT platform with the ESP8266 ESP-01 Wi-Fi module as a link. From the results of testing this system, the results of testing the correct hand distance when using a hand sanitizer are from 3 cm to 9 cm and the right amount of hand sanitizer liquid volume is approximately 1 ml for a duration of 250 milliseconds. The system design has been successful for visitor management and the hand sanitizer works well. The Thingspeak webserver can receive visitor data and send it to the MIT app as a display for remote monitoring. Hopefully, this system could support the situation which needs to manage the restriction of total number visitors and hygiene practice in a more efficient way.


Download data is not yet available.


K. Prem et al., “The effect of control strategies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling study,” Lancet Public Heal., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. e261–e270, 2020.

M. Qian and J. Jiang, “COVID-19 and social distancing,” J. Public Heal., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 259–261, 2022.

T. Li, “Diagnosis and clinical management of severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection: an operational recommendation of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (V2.0): Working Group of 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Peking Union Medical College Hospital,” Emerg. Microbes Infect., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 582–585, 2020.

Y. Pérez Guilarte and R. C. Lois González, “Sustainability and visitor management in tourist historic cities: the case of Santiago de Compostela, Spain,” J. Herit. Tour., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 489–505, 2018.

M. Oktaviandri and F. Kah Keat, “Design and Development of Visitor Management System,” mekatronika-Journal Intell. Manuf. Mechatronics, vol. 01, no. 01, pp. 73–79, 2019.

S. Rao, A. Smitha, and K. Kulkarni, “Smart Phone based cost effective visitor management system for smart offices,” Int. J. Interact. Mob. Technol., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 112–123, 2018.

I. G. B. Wirawan, W. Wedashwara, A. Zubaidi, A. Z. Mardiansyah, and A. H. Jatmika, “IoT based anti covid visitor management system using Raspberry pi zero W,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 2482, no. 1, p. 100010, Feb. 2023.

G. Ashok, J. John Paul, I. Thusnavis Mary Bella, S. V. Packiavathy, and S. Gautam, “Internet of Things (IoT) based automated sanitizer dispenser and COVID-19 statistics reporter in a post-pandemic world,” Health Technol. (Berl)., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 327–341, 2023.

J. Lee, J. Y. Lee, S. M. Cho, K. C. Yoon, Y. J. Kim, and K. G. Kim, “Design of automatic hand sanitizer system compatible with various containers,” Healthc. Inform. Res., vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 243–247, 2020.

J. Lesmana, A. Halim, and A. P. Irawan, “Design of automatic hand sanitizer with ultrasonic sensor,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 1007, no. 1, pp. 1269–1275, 2020.

J. Singh, G. Singh, and G. Singh, “Semi-Automatic Sanitizer and Thermal Scanner,” J. Today’s Ideas - Tomorrow’s Technol., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 41–45, 2020.

A. Duth, A. A. Nambiar, C. B. Teja, and S. Yadav, “Smart Door System with COVID-19 Risk Factor Evaluation, Contactless Data Acquisition and Sanitization,” Proc. - Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Smart Syst. ICAIS 2021, pp. 1504–1511, 2021.

A. Yadav and S. Roy, “Low-Cost Automatic Hand Sanitizer and Water Station,” Artic. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Manag., vol. 5, no. January 2021, pp. 24–28, 2020.

A. Das, A. Barua, M. A. Mohimin, J. Abedin, M. U. Khandaker, and K. S. Al-Mugren, “Development of a novel design and subsequent fabrication of an automated touchless hand sanitizer dispenser to reduce the spread of contagious diseases,” Healthc., vol. 9, no. 4, 2021.

H. Vardhan and K. Pal, “Arduino Based Automatic Sanitizer Dispenser Controlled Door BT - Smart Energy and Advancement in Power Technologies,” 2023, pp. 715–723.

B. Chowdhury and T. De, “An Internet of Things assisted Smart Hand Sanitizer with Health Monitoring System help to reduce rapid spread of COVID-19,” Easychair Publ., pp. 1–6, 2020.

R. V Kurhe, A. Sur, and S. Pandiya, “Live Temperature Monitoring: IoT-Based Automatic Sanitizer Dispenser and Temperature Detection Machine BT - Proceedings of Third International Conference on Computing, Communications, and Cyber-Security,” 2023, pp. 49–58.

D. Alkhodary, I. A. Abu-Alsondos, B. J. A. Ali, M. Shehadeh, and H. A. Salhab, “Visitor Management System Design and Implementation during the Covid-19 Pandemic,” Inf. Sci. Lett., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1059–1067, 2022.

J. N. D. Rivera, “VMS Support: A mobile-based support to computerized visitor management system,” Softw. Impacts, vol. 8, p. 100056, 2021.

I. A. Abu AlSondos and A. A. M. Salameh, “The effect of system quality and service quality toward using m-commerce service, based on consumer perspective,” Manag. Sci. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 2489–2496, 2020.

J. Basel, Ali, R. Bakar, W. Ahmad, and W. A. Wan Omar, “The Critical Success Factors of Accounting Information System (Ais) and It’S Impact on Organisational Performance of Jordanian Commercial Banks,” Int. J. Econ. Commer. Manag., vol. IV, no. 4, pp. 658–677, 2016.

M. R. M. Isa, Y. H. Yahaya, M. H. M. Halip, M. A. Khairuddin, and K. Maskat, “The design of fingerprint biometric authentication on smart card for pulapot main entrance system,” Proc. 2010 Int. Symp. Inf. Technol. - Syst. Dev. Appl. Knowl. Soc. ITSim’10, vol. 3, 2010.

H. Al Ghaithi and U. Eaganathan, “a Brief Study and Implementation of Visitor Management System for Asia Pacific University , Malaysia,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Sci. Eng., vol. No.5, no. No.4, pp. 317–326, 2016.

N. K. M. Noor, J. Sulaiman, and H. C. Khor, “Development of Visitor Management System Using Smart Card:UMP Case Study,” Natl. Conf. Softw. Enginystems 2007 NaCSES’07, 2007.

N. S. Tadam, “A Study on Video Based Face Recognition for Real-Time Surveillance,” vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 547–552, 2019.

J. Kotak and Y. Elovici, “Iot device identification using deep learning,” Adv. Intell. Syst. Comput., vol. 1267 AISC, pp. 76–86, 2021.

S. Misra, A. Mukherjee, and A. Roy, “Introduction to IoT,” Introd. to IoT, no. January, 2021.

Z. Li, G. Liu, L. Liu, X. Lai, and G. Xu, “IoT-based tracking and tracing platform for prepackaged food supply chain,” Ind. Manag. Data Syst., vol. 117, no. 9, pp. 1906–1916, 2017.

Z. Mumtaz et al., “An automation system for controlling streetlights and monitoring objects using arduino,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1–14, 2018.

Y. N. Malek et al., “On the use of IoT and Big Data Technologies for Real-time Monitoring and Data Processing,” Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 113, pp. 429–434, 2017.

How to Cite
A. A. Hafidz, H. Pujiharsono, K. Kadarisman, and M. Yusro, “Integrated Visitor Management System with Smart Hand Sanitizer based on IoT Approach”,, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 108-115, Aug. 2023.
Research Article