Experimental Measurement and Analysis: Collimation and Illumination for Conformity Measuring Instrument Design in X-ray Modality

Keywords: experimental measurement and analysis, TSL2561, HC-SR04, Lux. the illumination and collimation test


 Each radiology or X-ray device is required to perform a functional or performance test of an X-ray aircraft in accordance with the radiation safety standards of the International Nuclear Energy Agency (IAEA). The suitability test has several parameters and parts. In the X-ray Aircraft Suitability Test, there are X-ray beam collimation tests, X-ray generators and tubes, and AEC. However, the illumination and collimation test still uses the manual method. The purpose of this research is to develop the simplest method, which is to measure the illumination at four points simultaneously and store the measurement data directly. This module is designed to use the HC-SR04 sensor as a distance meter and the TSL2561 sensor as a light meter. This module is designed using the HC-SR04 sensor as a distance meter and TSL2561 sensor as a lux meter. In this research, the module has been tested and compared with the results of a comparison tool (Digital Light Meter) and got an error value of 1.55% with a module efficiency of 98.45% in the illumination test, and an error of 1.8% with a module efficiency of 98.2% in the collimator test. From this research, it can be concluded that the light sensor TSL2561 can be used to measure the illumination area of ​​the collimator lamp. The contribution of this research is expected to be more efficient tool testing, and the data will be saved until the next testing time


Download data is not yet available.


B. F. Wall, E. S. Fisher, R. Paynter, and P. D. Bird, “Doses to patients from pantomographic and conventional dental radiography,” Br. J. Radiol., vol. 52, no. 621, pp. 727–734, 1979, doi: 10.1259/0007-1285-52-621-727.

K. Dula, G. Sanderink, P. F. Van Der Stelt, R. Mini, and D. Buser, “Effects of dose reduction on the detectability of standardized radiolucent lesions in digital panoramic radiography,” Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol. Endod., vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 227–233, 1998, doi: 10.1016/S1079-2104(98)90130-5.

J. J. James, A. G. Davies, A. R. Cowen, and P. J. O’Connor, “Developments in digital radiography: An equipment update,” Eur. Radiol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 2616–2626, 2001, doi: 10.1007/s003300100828.

K. J. Strauss, “Pediatric interventional radiography equipment: Safety considerations,” Pediatr. Radiol., vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 126–135, 2006, doi: 10.1007/s00247-006-0220-4.

R. K, “THINK INDIA (Quarterly Journal),” Invest. Pattern Retail Equity Investors Chennai Dist., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 6258–6269, 2019.

T. M. Svahn and J. C. Ast, “Effective dose and effect of dose modulation for localizer radiographs using applied and alternative settings on Toshiba/CANON CT systems,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry, vol. 195, no. 3–4, pp. 198–204, 2021, doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncab030.

M. Oliveira, J. C. Barros, and C. Ubeda, “Development of a 3D printed quality control tool for evaluation of x-ray beam alignment and collimation,” Phys. Medica, vol. 65, no. June, pp. 29–32, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2019.07.026.

M Roziq, T. B. Indrato, and M. Ridha Mak’ruf, “Analysis of X-Ray Beams Irradiation Accuracy Using Collimation Test Tools as Well as Illumination Measurement on the Collimator to the Radiographic X-Ray Machine Conformity Test Results,” J. Electron. Electromed. Eng. Med. Informatics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 109–114, 2022, doi: 10.35882/jeeemi.v4i2.8.

A.-J. A. Kareem, S. N. C. W. M. P. S. K. Hulugalle, and H. K. Al-hamadani, “A Quality Control Test for General X-Ray Machine,” Wsn, vol. 90, no. November, pp. 11–30, 2017.

E. G. Zenóbio, M. A. F. Zenóbio, C. D. B. Azevedo, M. do S. Nogueira, C. D. Almeida, and F. R. Manzi, “Assessment of image quality and exposure parameters of an intraoral portable X-rays device,” Dentomaxillofacial Radiol., vol. 48, no. 3, 2019, doi: 10.1259/dmfr.20180329.

J. de Moura et al., “Deep convolutional approaches for the analysis of Covid-19 using chest X-ray images from portable devices,” IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 195594–195607, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3033762.

N. Banihashemi, J. Soltani-Nabipour, A. Khorshidi, and H. Mohammadi, “Quality control assessment of Philips digital radiography and comparison with Spellman and Samsung systems in Tehran Oil Ministry Hospital,” Eur. Phys. J. Plus, vol. 135, no. 2, pp. 1–15, 2020, doi: 10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-00275-1.

N. Gharehaghaji, D. Khezerloo, and T. Abbasiazar, “Image quality assessment of the digital radiography units in Tabriz, Iran: A phantom study,” J. Med. Signals Sens., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 137–142, 2019, doi: 10.4103/jmss.JMSS_30_18.

J. Kim et al., “Radiation damage effects in Ga2O3 materials and devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 10–24, 2019, doi: 10.1039/c8tc04193h.

K. Lumniczky et al., “Low dose ionizing radiation effects on the immune system,” Environ. Int., vol. 149, no. August, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106212.

A. Heidari, “X–Ray Diffraction (XRD), Powder X–Ray Diffraction (PXRD) and Energy–Dispersive X–Ray Diffraction (EDXRD) Comparative Study on Malignant and Benign Human Cancer Cells and Tissues under Synchrotron Radiation,” J. Oncol. Res., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2018, doi: 10.31829/2637-6148/jor2018-1(1)-e101.

BAPETEN, “Peraturan Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir Republik Indonesia Nomor 2 Tahun 2Oi8 Tentang Uji Kesesuaian Pesawat Sinar-X Radiologi Diagnostik Dan Intervensional,” pp. 1–73, 2018.

L. R. Bridge and J. E. Ison, “Technical note: A survey of the illumination from diagnostic X-ray light-beam diaphragm systems,” Br. J. Radiol., vol. 68, no. 807, pp. 311–313, 1995, doi: 10.1259/0007-1285-68-807-311.

M. Begum, A. S. Mollah, M. A. Zaman, and A. K. M. M. Rahman, “QUALITY CONTROL TESTS IN SOME DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY UNITS IN BANGLADESH,” Bangladesh J. Med. Phys., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2011.

C. C. Nzotta and C. Anyanwu, “Light Beam Diaphragm as a Quality Control Parameter in Radiology,” no. July 2010, pp. 85–87, 2010, doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12844.10880.

J. Zira, A. M, M. Umar, M. Sidi, S. Bature, and F. Nkubli, “Assessment of Level of Collimation for Pediatric Plain Chest Radiographs in a Teaching Hospital in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria,” J. Nucl. Technol. Appl. Sci., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 145–152, 2020, doi: 10.21608/jntas.2020.23934.1017.

K. Sokanský and P. Závada, “Development of measuring instruments for long-term measurement of low level illuminances and luminances,” in 2010 9th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering, 2010, pp. 89–92.

J. Ahmad and R. Yousuf, “Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) Based Low Cost Light Intensity Measurement Circuit Design (LUX Meter),” Int. J. Innov. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng. (An ISO Certif. Organ., vol. 3297, no. 6, pp. 11449–11455, 2016, doi: 10.15680/IJIRCCE.2016.

R. Hrbac, T. Novak, and V. Kolar, “Prototype of a low-cost luxmeter with wide measuring range designed for railway stations dynamic lighting systems,” 2014.

Q. A. Al-haija, “Efficient LuxMeter Design Using TM4C123 Microcontroller with Motion Detection Application,” pp. 331–336, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ICICS49469.2020.239523.

Kemenkes, “KMK No 1250 Tahun 2009 ttg Kendali Mutu Radiodiagnostik.pdf.” 2009.

How to Cite
F. Fajar, M. Ridha Makruf, A. Pudji, and A. Rizal, “Experimental Measurement and Analysis: Collimation and Illumination for Conformity Measuring Instrument Design in X-ray Modality”, Indones.J.electronic.electromed.med.inf, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 66-72, May 2023.
Research Article