IoT-Based Medical Box Improvement for The Elderly Adapting ISO 17025 and QoS
Elderly is a period characterized by limited movement functions in the body. Elderly with multiple comorbidities have a higher risk of non-adherence because receiving more than one type of drug is more susceptible to skipping medication hours so that the elderly need reminders and drug storage areas to maintain drug quality. This research was carried out with Arduino Uno as the control center of the system and using the ESP8266 Wi-Fi module for internet connection. This system uses a DHT-22 sensor, an HW-201 IR sensor and a servo motor. Tool standardization is also carried out through method validation adapting ISO 17025 and network-related Quality of Service (QoS). The results show that the system can work according to the command with an alarm notification on the android application when the clock shows the time to take medicine. Based on the DHT 22 sensor test, by measuring the temperature and humidity, the bias value is 0.318% and the trueness value is 99.7%. This Medical Box tool also has an acceptance limit precision of 83%. Based on the QoS network testing according to THIPON, the network quality is categorized as very good for throughput of 5241 Kbps, packet loss of 0%, delay of 136.5 msec, and jitter of 21.28 which are categorized as very good. This study designed a system to make it easier for the elderly as a reminder of the schedule for taking medication as well as a place to store drugs that can maintain the quality of drugs
I. N. Journal, “Dukungan Sosial Keluarga Dan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Pada Lansia Hipertensi,” Idea Nurs. J., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 9–14, 2019.
E. Wikan, F. Rahmawati, and I. A. Wahab, “Kepatuhan Penggunaan Obat pada Komunitas Pasien Lanjut Usia Dengan Penyakit Kronis di Kecamatan Muntilan Jawa Tengah,” Maj. Farm., vol. 17, no. 1, p. 54, 2021.
F. Akbar and S. Sugeng, “Implementasi Sistem Monitoring Suhu dan Kelembapan Ruangan Penyimpanan Obat Berbasis Internet Of Things (IoT) di Puskesmas Kecamatan Taman Sari Jakarta Barat,” J. Sos. Teknol., vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 1021–1028, 2021.
S. P. Kumar, S. Sanjay, D. Jose, and T. Nadu, “Cloud Based Medical Assist for Elderly and Blind,” Int. J. Pure Appl. Math., vol. 120, no. 6, pp. 1113–1127, 2018.
M. A. Kader, M. N. Uddin, A. M. Arfi, N. Islam, and M. Anisuzzaman, “Design Implementation of an Automated Reminder Medicine Box for Old People and Hospital,” 2018 Int. Conf. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol. ICISET 2018, no. May, pp. 390–394, 2018.
S. K. Sindung HW Sasono, Ari Sriyanto Nugroho, Eko Supriyanto, “Iot Smart Health Untuk Monitoring Kontrol Suhu Dan Kelembaban Ruang Penyimpan Obat Berbasis Android Di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Sardjito,” in Prosiding Nasional Rekayasa Teknologi Industri dan Informasi XV Tahun 2020 (ReTII), 2020, vol. 2020, pp. 53–062.
A. Hindayani, B. S. Nasional, G. Gases, and A. Gases, “Validasi Metode Berdasarkan ISO/IEC 17025:2017 dan Aplikasinya Pada Pengukuran pH Bufer Ftalat Menggunakan Elektroda Gelas dengan Teknik Dua Titik Kalibrasi,” Buletin Metrologi Kimia Indonesia, no. July, pp. 1–8, 2018.
G. R. Nugraha, S. I. Purnama, and M. Yusro, “Building of Anti-Bacterial Smart Sterilization Room Based on Internet of Things Using PIR Sensor and Its Quality Assurances,” J. Teknokes, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 51–57, 2022.
M. Yusro, W. GS, and M. A, “Validasi Metode Penentuan Cs-137 dan K-40 dalam Sampel Lingkungan dengan Spektrometer Gamma berdasarkan ISO 17025,” Teknofisika, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2013.
V. Fineberg, “A practical architecture for implementing end-to-end QoS in an IP network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 122–130, 2002.
D. A. Menascé, “QoS issues in web services,” IEEE Internet Comput., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 72–75, 2002.
R. Ratnasih, D. Perdana, and Y. G. Bisono, “Performance Analysis and Automatic Prototype Aquaponic of System Design Based on Internet of Things (IoT) using MQTT Protocol,” J. Infotel, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 130, 2018.
ETSI, “Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization Over Networks (TIPHON); General aspects of Quality of Service (QoS),” 1999.
M. S. Borella, D. Swider, S. Uludag, and G. B. Brewster, “Internet packet loss: Measurement and implications for end-to-end QoS,” Proc. 1998 ICPP Work. Archit. OS Support Multimed. Appl. Flex. Commun. Syst. Wirel. Networks Mob. Comput. ICPPW 1998, vol. 1998-Augus, pp. 3–12, 1998.
K. Der Van Wal, M. Mandjes, and H. Bastiaansen, “Delay Performance Analysis of the New Internet Services with Guaranteed QoS,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 85, no. 12, pp. 1947–1956, 1997.
M. Plebani and L. Sciacovelli, “ISO 15189 Accreditation: Navigation between Quality Management and Patient Safety,” J. Med. Biochem., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 225–230, 2017.
L. Joseph, P. Ramesh, N. S. Remya, V. Arumugham, and R. P. Rajesh, “Significance of Metrological Tools in an ISO 17025 Accredited Quality System for a Biological Evaluation Facility,” Mapan - J. Metrol. Soc. India, 2022.
M. B. Ulum and M. Tarigan, “Perancangan Sistem Monitoring Detak Jantung Bagi Penderita Kardiovaskular Berbasis Internet of Things,” J. Komputasi, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 15–20, 2020.
M. A. Saputro, E. R. Widasari, and H. Fitriyah, “Implementasi Sistem Monitoring Detak Jantung dan Suhu Tubuh Manusia Secara Wireless,” Pengemb. Teknol. Inf. Dan Ilmu Komput., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 148–156, 2017.
M. Yusro, N. S. Azlyn, and S. I. Purnama, “Adapting ISO 17025 to Enrich QoS as Quality Measurement on Internet of Medical Things,” in 2022 IEEE International Conference on Communication, Networks and Satellite (COMNETSAT), 2022.
D. Rubio, S. Ponce, and F. Madrid Sr., “ISO/IEC 17025 technical requirements in electrical safety laboratory for electromedical devices [Aspectos Técnicos de la norma ISO/IEC 17025 de Laboratorio de Seguridad Eléctrica en Equipamiento Electromédico],” Pan Am. Heal. Care Exch. PAHCE 2011 - Conf. Work. Exhib. Coop. / Linkages An Indep. Forum Patient Care Technol. Support, p. 222, 2011.
Ž. Kovačević, L. Gurbeta Pokvić, L. Spahić, and A. Badnjević, “Prediction of medical device performance using machine learning techniques: infant incubator case study,” Health Technol. (Berl)., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 151–155, 2020.
A. Charisma, A. D. Setiawan, G. Megiyanto Rahmatullah, and M. R. Hidayat, “Analysis Quality of Service (QoS) on 4G Telkomsel Networks in Soreang,” TSSA 2019 - 13th Int. Conf. Telecommun. Syst. Serv. Appl. Proc., no. October, pp. 145–148, 2019.
O. Al-Mahmud, K. Khan, R. Roy, and F. Mashuque Alamgir, “Internet of Things (IoT) based smart health care medical box for elderly people,” 2020 Int. Conf. Emerg. Technol. INCET 2020, no. June, 2020.
G. Yang et al., “A Health-IoT platform based on the integration of intelligent packaging, unobtrusive bio-sensor, and intelligent medicine box,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informatics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 2180–2191, 2014.
Z. Pang, J. Tian, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent packaging and intelligent medicine box for medication management towards the Internet-of-Things,” Int. Conf. Adv. Commun. Technol. ICACT, pp. 352–360, 2014.
B. Bin Chen, Y. H. Ma, and J. L. Xu, “Research and implementation of an intelligent medicine box,” 2019 4th Int. Conf. Intell. Green Build. Smart Grid, IGBSG 2019, pp. 203–205, 2019.
R. A. Z. DAOU, K. KARAM, H. ZEIDAN, A. HAYEK, and J. BORCSOK, “Design of a Safe and Smart Medicine Box,” Int. J. Biomed. Eng. Sci., vol. 5, no. 3/4, pp. 01–13, 2018.
M. Srinivas, “I NTELLIGENT M EDICINE B OX FOR MEDICATION MANAGEMENT USING IOT,” 2018 2nd Int. Conf. Inven. Syst. Control, no. Icisc, pp. 32–34, 2018.
R. Al-Shammary, D. Mousa, and S. E. Esmaeili, “The Design of a Smart Medicine Box,” 26th Iran. Conf. Electr. Eng. ICEE 2018, pp. 130–134, 2018.
Copyright (c) 2023 Dewi Sekar Arum, Danny Kurnianto, Muhammad Yusro,
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlikel 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).