Effect of Closed and Opened the Door to Temperature on PID-Based Baby Incubator with Kangaroo Mode

  • Vanda Catur Kirana College Student
  • Dwi Herry Andayani Department of Electromedical Engineering, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya
  • Andjar Pudji Department of Electromedical Engineering, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya
  • Aziza Hannouch Department of ISTIA, école d'ingénieurs de l'Université d'Angers
Keywords: LM35, Infant Incubatr Baby, Kangoroo, Temperature, Distribution


The uneven distribution of the baby incubator temperature can cause the temperature in the baby incubator to be different at each point. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the door closed and opened to the temperature at each point of sensor placement that has been determined. The study was conducted as an experimental research design. In this experiment, an Incu Analyzer comparison was used as a calibrator unit, a baby skin temperature thermistor sensor, and four LM35 sensors for baby incubator room temperature with one LM35 sensor as a PID control system carried out by trial-and-error method. Based on the results of measurements was made with the design, when the chamber is open, it produces an average error value of T1 4.083%, T2 6.06%, T3 3.78%, T4 4.88%, and T5 1.48%, while when the chamber is closed, it produces an average error value T1 0.75. %, T2 0.88%, T3 1.15%, T4 0.74%, and T5 0.87%. Measurement of skin temperature using a thermometer has an average error value of 1.1%. The results showed that uneven heat transfer, lack of air distribution, different sensor placements at each point, and non-standard chamber sizes were factors that were uneven at each point. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the use of a working system on this device can be implemented to control the temperature of the baby incubator by knowing the temperature distribution at each point


Download data is not yet available.


Parti, S. Malik, and Nurhayati, “Pengaruh Perawatan Metode Kanguru (PMK) terhadap Pencegahan Hipotermi pada Bayi Baru Lahir,” J. Bidan Cerdas, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 66–71, 2020.

N. Asmidar, N. Binti, M. Fudzi, and N. Binti, “Development of infant incubator for clinic in the rural area of Malaysia,” in 2016 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 2016, pp. 331–334.

M. Ali, M. Abdelwahab, S. Awadekreim, and S. Abdalla, “Development of a Monitoring and Control System of Infant Incubator,” in 2018 International Conference on Computer, Control, Electrical, and Electronics Engineering (ICCCEEE), 2018, pp. 1–4.

J. Prinyakupt and K. Roongprasert, “Verification Device for Temperature and Relative Humidity Inside the Infant Incubator via IoT,” in 2019 12th Biomedical Engineering International Conference (BMEiCON), 2019, pp. 1–6.

L. Liu, S. Gujjula, and S. M. Kuo, “Multi-channel real time active noise control system for infant incubators,” in 2009 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2009, pp. 935–938.

S. Inam, M. F. Qureshi, F. Amin, M. Akmal, and M. Z. Rehman, “Android based Internet Accessible Infant Incubator,” in 2019 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICICT), 2019, pp. 25–29.

B. Watt, P. Suhu, and R. Yang, “Tabel 1 . Spesifikasi Inkubator Bayi,” vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 17–22, 2020.

F. K. Palupi, S. Luthfiyah, I. D. Gede, H. Wisana, and M. Thaseen, “Baby Incubator Monitoring Center for Temperature and Humidity using WiFi Network,” J. Electron. Electro, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 8–13, 2021.

A. Kholiq and M. Ali, “A Low Cost Baby Incubator Design Equipped with Vital Sign Parameters,” Indones. J. Electron. Electromed. Eng. Med. Informatics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 53–58, 2021.

H. Mittal, L. Mathew, and A. Gupta, “Design and Development of an Infant Incubator for Controlling Multiple Parameters,” Int. J. Emerg. Trends Electr. Electron., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 2320–9569, 2015.

S. A. I. Flores, H. J. Konno, A. M. Massafra, and L. Schiaffino, “Simultaneous Humidity and Temperature Fuzzy Logic Control in Neonatal Incubators,” in 2018 Argentine Conference on Automatic Control (AADECA), 2018, pp. 1–6.

A. R. Shabaan, S. M. El-Metwally, M. M. A. Farghaly, and A. A. Sharawi, “PID and fuzzy logic optimized control for temperature in infant incubators,” in 2013 5th International Conference on Modelling, Identification and Control (ICMIC), 2013, pp. 53–59.

A. Ismail, H. Noura, F. Harmouch, and Z. Harb, “Design and Control of a Neonatal Incubator Using Model-Free Control,” in 2021 29th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation (MED), 2021, pp. 286–291.

B. S. Kana, “Modifikasi Infant Incubator Tesena 876Mcd Delengkapi Dengan Sensor Suhu Ruang Dan Skin Berbasis Mikrokontroller At89S51,” vol. 51, no. 10, 2016.

Wisnu Kusuma Wardana, “Modifikasi Inkubator Bayi Dilengkapi Kontrol Suhu Dan Rangkaian Charge,” 2015.

M. Shaib, M. Rashid, L. Hamawy, M. Arnout, I. E. Majzoub, and A. J. Zaylaa, “Advanced portable preterm baby incubator,” in 2017 Fourth International Conference on Advances in Biomedical Engineering (ICABME), 2017, pp. 1–4.

D. R. Irvani and E. Y. A. Kholiq, “Baby Incubator Dilengkapi Timbangan Sebagai Kontrol Suhu Otomatis ( Timbangan dan Suhu Skin ),” pp. 1–11, 2016.

R. A. Wahyuono, R. Hantoro, and G. Nugroho, “Analisis Distribusi Temperatur dan Aliran Udara Pada Inkubator Bayi Dengan Variasi Tipe Dinding dan Overhead Screen,” pp. 1–11.

A. Hannouch, T. Lemenand, K. Khoury, and C. Habchi, “Heat and mass transfer of preterm neonates nursed inside incubators - A review,” Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog., vol. 18, p. 100553, 2020.

D. Co and U. Günay, “The Effects of Kangaroo Care Applied by Turkish Mothers who Have Premature Babies and Cannot Breastfeed on Their Stress Levels and Amount of Milk Production ☆,” vol. 50, pp. 26–32, 2020.

A. D. Pratiwi, E. Yulianto, and A. Kholiq, “BABY INCUBATOR BERBASIS PID DILENGKAPI DENGAN MODE KANGURU ( KONTROL PID SUHU RUANG & SUHU SKIN ),” vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2019.

How to Cite
V. Kirana, D. H. Andayani, A. Pudji, and A. Hannouch, “Effect of Closed and Opened the Door to Temperature on PID-Based Baby Incubator with Kangaroo Mode”, ijeeemi, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 121-127, Aug. 2021.